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Herpetic Keratitis (Corneal Herpetic Viral Infections)

This is an infection of the cornea involving the herpes simplex virus that usually only affects one eye. It is most commonly superficial involving only the outermost layer of the cornea, the epithelium, and will most likely heal with appropriate treatment (antiviral eye drops) without scarring. If left untreated it can involve the deeper layers of the cornea and cause significant scarring, which leads to loss of vision.

Herpes Keratitis is usually treated with antiviral eye drops and systematic antiviral medications taken by mouth. If the infection is severe, deep steroid eye drops may sometimes be used. Rarely, a corneal transplant will be performed for a cornea that is severely scarred, in order to restore good vision.


 

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